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CSE Report: There is no significant difference in PM 2.5 pollution level of cities included in National Clean Air Program (NCAP) and excluded from it. This has been disclosed by the Center for Science and Environment (CSE) by releasing a new report on Blue Sky Day.

Under the NCAP, a target has been set to reduce the level of PM 2.5 by 20 percent and the level of PM 10 by 30 percent in the country by 2024 as compared to 2017. PM 2.5 are pollutants that are smaller than 2.5 micrometers in size. They cause serious harm by entering our body with the breath.

Encap : 132 cities, fund is also available
By 2020-21, the government also gives funds to reduce the pollution of PM 10 by more than 15% and clean air for 200 days. According to the report, out of 132 such cities, only 63 cities are under surveillance.

10% reduction in PM 2.5 in only 14 cities

  • Less than 5% drop in pollution in Delhi and Ghaziabad.
  • In Khanna, Jaipur and Udaipur there was an increase of up to 20%.
  • Cities with highest pollution growth in Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Biggest improvement in Varanasi, Chennai.

Non-encap: Monitoring in only 10%
There are 4,041 cities in the country. Of these, only 400 have PM10 monitoring systems under the National Air Quality Monitoring Program and Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station.
PM 2.5 levels rose sharply in 15 cities.

  • Ankleshwar in Gujarat has the highest growth of 34%.
  • More than 20% growth in Satna, Bahadurgarh, Bathinda.
  • Pollution increased in cities of Haryana, MP and Gujarat.
  • Haryana’s Palwal also showed maximum improvement of 60%.

It is encap and non-encap

  • The growth of PM 2.5 was very rapid in 16 NCAP cities and 15 non-NCAP cities. The lockdown reduced the average pollution by 12% in 2020. But in 2021, pollution increased by 8% in NCAP cities and 7% in non-NCAP cities.
  • Pollution was above the national standards in 39-39 cities of both NCAP and non-NCAP. Similarly, improvement in both the categories also took place in 20 and 21 cities respectively.
  • Pollution in Delhi was reduced by 13% in 2020, increased back to 13% in 2021.
situation in north india

Ghaziabad was found to be the most polluted among NCAP cities, followed by Delhi. Pollution in 8 NCAP and 16 non-NCAP cities was found to be above the regional average.

Study: Increased risk of obesity and diabetes in babies
A clinical study has found that children exposed to air pollution between birth and six months may have an increased risk of allergies, obesity and diabetes. They can even have an effect on brain development.

  • This study, published in the medical journal Gut Microbes, says that due to the bacteria present in the baby’s stomach, other risks increase.
  • “Air pollution in children has a serious impact on the microbiome in the gut, with significant effects on risk, development and growth,” said Tanya Alderette, assistant professor at the University of Colorado Boulder.
  • In the study, researchers analyzed stool samples from 103 infants in Southern California in which they found PM 2.5 and PM 10 pollutants. Chemical particles such as nitrogen dioxide were also involved.

Expansion

CSE Report: There is no significant difference in PM 2.5 pollution level of cities included in National Clean Air Program (NCAP) and excluded from it. This has been disclosed by the Center for Science and Environment (CSE) by releasing a new report on Blue Sky Day.

Under the NCAP, a target has been set to reduce the level of PM 2.5 by 20 percent and the level of PM 10 by 30 percent in the country by 2024 as compared to 2017. PM 2.5 are pollutants that are smaller than 2.5 micrometers in size. They cause serious harm by entering our body with the breath.

Encap : 132 cities, fund is also available

By 2020-21, the government also gives funds to reduce the pollution of PM 10 by more than 15% and clean air for 200 days. According to the report, out of 132 such cities, only 63 cities are under surveillance.

10% reduction in PM 2.5 in only 14 cities

  • Less than 5% drop in pollution in Delhi and Ghaziabad.
  • In Khanna, Jaipur and Udaipur there was an increase of up to 20%.
  • Cities with highest pollution growth in Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Biggest improvement in Varanasi, Chennai.

Non-encap: Monitoring in only 10%

There are 4,041 cities in the country. Of these, only 400 have PM10 monitoring systems under the National Air Quality Monitoring Program and Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station.

PM 2.5 levels rose sharply in 15 cities.

  • Ankleshwar in Gujarat has the highest growth of 34%.
  • More than 20% growth in Satna, Bahadurgarh, Bathinda.
  • Pollution increased in cities of Haryana, MP and Gujarat.
  • Haryana’s Palwal also showed maximum improvement of 60%.

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