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CSE Report: There is no significant difference in PM 2.5 pollution level of cities included in National Clean Air Program (NCAP) and excluded from it. This has been disclosed by the Center for Science and Environment (CSE) by releasing a new report on Blue Sky Day.
Under the NCAP, a target has been set to reduce the level of PM 2.5 by 20 percent and the level of PM 10 by 30 percent in the country by 2024 as compared to 2017. PM 2.5 are pollutants that are smaller than 2.5 micrometers in size. They cause serious harm by entering our body with the breath.
Encap : 132 cities, fund is also available
By 2020-21, the government also gives funds to reduce the pollution of PM 10 by more than 15% and clean air for 200 days. According to the report, out of 132 such cities, only 63 cities are under surveillance.
10% reduction in PM 2.5 in only 14 cities
- Less than 5% drop in pollution in Delhi and Ghaziabad.
- In Khanna, Jaipur and Udaipur there was an increase of up to 20%.
- Cities with highest pollution growth in Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Biggest improvement in Varanasi, Chennai.
Non-encap: Monitoring in only 10%
There are 4,041 cities in the country. Of these, only 400 have PM10 monitoring systems under the National Air Quality Monitoring Program and Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station.
PM 2.5 levels rose sharply in 15 cities.
- Ankleshwar in Gujarat has the highest growth of 34%.
- More than 20% growth in Satna, Bahadurgarh, Bathinda.
- Pollution increased in cities of Haryana, MP and Gujarat.
- Haryana’s Palwal also showed maximum improvement of 60%.