World EV Day is celebrated worldwide on 9 September. Experts believe that a robust charging infrastructure can play a big role in promoting the use of EVs in the country. On the occasion of World EV Day, experts from The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and The International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT), The International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT) in Delhi by 2024 Appreciating the Delhi government’s plan to set up 18,000 new stations, he said a similar strategy needs to be adopted in other states to promote the widespread adoption of electric vehicles.

Delhi ahead in making EV charging stations

Delhi and Maharashtra are leading the way in building EV charging stations along with several other cities and states. About 191 charging stations have been installed in Delhi so far while in Maharashtra about 184 charging stations have been installed. Apart from these, several battery swapping stations have also been installed and many more such stations are expected to be installed in the near future. Overall, these initiatives are an effective step towards adopting cleaner modes of transport and ensuring a sustainable and energy secure future for India.

Dedicated EV cell needs to be created

IV Rao, Senior Visiting Fellow, TERI, says, “Creating a dedicated EV cell to improve decision-making and help private companies set up EV-related businesses to promote electric vehicles at the urban and state level. It can prove to be an effective way to increase the adoption rate. In addition, having dedicated funds to support customers and the EV ecosystem will be critical in the near future.”

Petrol-diesel station should be equal

Rao adds, “The Delhi government’s plan to set up 18,000 new charging stations is very encouraging. This means there will be around 12 charging stations per square kilometer area or 4 charging stations for every 3 square kilometres. This figure is much higher than one charging station per 3 sq km area as suggested in various policy documents. Keeping in view the population, several documents have suggested setting up of 50 charging stations per 10 lakh population. However, in the case of Delhi, this figure may also go up to 550+ charging stations per 10 lakh population (considering the city’s population of more than 32 million). The real goal of this should be to provide easy access for charging, like the existence of petrol-diesel stations at present.

Battery swapping is also important

On the feasibility of battery swapping to address the gaps in the charging infrastructure in India, Rao says, “Battery swapping technology can improve the up-time of battery-powered electric vehicles, especially in transport/commercial and non-commercial vehicles. Transport / Passenger vehicle in both categories of two wheelers and three wheelers. Swapping can be implemented on a large scale only when EV manufacturers and battery suppliers agree on standardization of batteries and fixing mechanisms, which will take some time.

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